Most people think that the Victorians created the language of flowers however, it was actually two women from Europe’s 1700s that sparked the flower-related craze. Lady Mary Wortley Montagu and Aubry de la Mottraye both went on trips during the Ottoman Empire and brought back their knowledge of a secret written language that was based on flowers.


In the Victorian period, Floriography was extremely popular. The practice involved the use of flowers to convey messages. Despite its waning during the latter half of the nineteenth century, floral symbolism remains current. Like, for instance, artist Whitney Lynn created a project to decorate the San Diego International Airport using flowers with special meanings.

The popularity of the florature trend was first noticed within Ottoman Turkey, and was brought to Europe through Lady Mary Wortley Montague and Seigneur Aubry de La Mottraye. Numerous floriography dictionaries followed the popularity of these dictionaries. They contained information about plants along with novelty products such as calendars and lists of floral symbolisms. A few of these interpretations are based on mythology as well as folklore and mythology (the Daffodils’ association with egotism, for example) however, others came from the flowers themselves. Interestingly, the authors of the books frequently cited the Eastern practice known as Selam in their flower dictionaries.

Victorian Era

When it came to Victorian society, floralography or flower language was used to convey subtle communication. This coded hoa chia buon botanical system could express love, affection, or disdain, allowing people living in an age that was governed by strict rules of etiquette convey their feelings within a way that was socially acceptable.

The 19th century saw the first books about flower symbols and the language were released. But the nuances of this flower language may differ based on the kind of flower used, how it was displayed or the hands that carried it. The subtle expressions of emotion allow for interpretation and creativity. The lexicon of flowers grew to encompass more than 1400 various flowers, herb, as well as trees. Though the meanings of the words differed from culture, many of the sentiments were similar.

The Evolution of Symbolism

Flowers have always been a means of expressing feelings of love, affection, and appreciation. Meanings that have been used for centuries change because plants are grown, and culture changes.

The popularity of the flower language grew during the 19th century England as well as North America. Authors wrote ingenuous guides and dictionaries that linked a flower’s symbolic meaning in relation to that particular floral symbol. The dictionaries of the time were usually lavishly illustrated and were adorned with sentimental dedications.

The majority of these symbols are based on folklore, mythology and even religion. Narcissus’s tale of becoming infatuated with himself in a pool contributed to the association of daffodils and the concept of egotism. Some were inspired by the appearance of the plants or their attributes. For example, mimosa flowers brought feelings of purity since they are closed at night as well as being touch sensitive.

Cultural Influences

The Victorian Era saw the emergence of flower languages as a discreet form of communication. It was a good fit in a world where expressive speech was frowned upon and etiquette was an important part of social interaction.

Floriography was popular with people of the upper classes, and magazines like Godey’s Ladies’ Book often ran sections on the subject. Also, it was a well-known parlor game, where individuals were blindfolded to pick a flower from a vase in order to decide their fate, love or fortune.

There were many dictionaries for flowers which gave each flower its own definition. The meanings of the lexicons were diverse, for instance, Hyacinth flowers were believed to represent beauty, but also the virtues of loyalty, devotion and forgiving. The interpretations of these flowers were drawn from a wide variety of sources, including Shakespearean connections and classic literature.


The art of symbolism through flowers continues to be popular. This is used by artists editors, designers as well as florists, marketers, poets and writers. It’s often referred to as”florography,” also known as the language of flowers.

In the Victorian century, floriography was at its peak. Numerous flower, herb and plant books appeared. Many included lists of the significance of the floral arrangements, plants and herb. They also were inspired by legends and folklore. The example of the link with egotism and daffodils comes from Narcissus’s obsession with himself.

The floral symbols communicate a broad spectrum of emotions and messages. They can also differ in color, as each hue evokes specific feelings and significance. A fiery red rose represents passion and love, while the delicate white flower symbolizes pure innocence.